EGG INDUSTRY OVERVIEW

 

 

Shell Egg Distribution

Number of 30 Dozen Cases in Millions

Year Total Retail Breaker Institution Export
2020 269.2 161.2 74.9 25.4 7.8
  100% 59.9% 27.8% 9.4% 2.9%
2019 275.2 165.5 82.9 19.3 7.6
  100.0% 60.1% 30.1% 7.0% 2.8%
2018 267.1 159.8 80.1 19.8 7.4
  100.0% 59.8% 30.0% 7.4% 2.8%
2017 258.1 153.1 76.8 20.6 7.5
  100.0% 59.3% 29.8% 8.0% 2.9%
2016 245.6 143.9 76.3 19.6 5.7
  100.0% 58.6% 31.1% 8.0% 2.3%
2015 231.0 133.1 69.3 20.8 7.8
  100% 57.6% 30.0% 9.0% 3.4%
2014 241.6 132.5 76.0 21.7 11.3
  100% 54.9% 31.5% 9.0% 4.7%
2013 235.5 130.3 73.3 21.2 10.8
  100.0% 55.3% 31.1% 9.0% 4.6%
2012 223.7 123.8 71.3 20.1 8.5
  100.0% 55.3% 31.9% 9.0% 3.8%
2011 219.6 125.0 69.7 17.6 7.4
  100.0% 56.9% 31.7% 8.0% 3.4%
2010 218.1 124.8 68.9 17.4 6.9
  100.0% 57.2% 31.6% 8.0% 3.2%
2009 216.0 124.8 66.4 18.4 6.4
  100.0% 57.8% 30.7% 8.5% 3.0%
2008 213.1 121.8 67.6 18.8 5.0
  100.0% 57.1% 31.7% 8.8% 2.4%

 

U.S. Egg Facts

Per capita consumption is a measure of total egg production, less exports, plus imports, divided by the total population. It does not represent demand:3

Year Per Capita Consumption
2021 283.1*
2020 286.5
2019 293.4
2018 287.5
2017 280.3
2016 278
2015 259.2
2014 268.7
2013 257.7
2012 254.4
2011 250.0
2010 249.3
2009 248.7
2008 249.0
2007 252.6
2006 258.1
2005 257.2
2004 258.1
2003 256.1
2002 256.3
2001 254.2
2000 253.0
1999 250.8
1998 240.4

*Projection as of October, 2021

State/Number of Hens

Currently, the top 10 egg producing states (ranked by number of hens represented in thousands) are:1

State Number of Hens
Iowa 55,883
Indiana 34,190
Ohio 31,310
Pennsylvania 25,523
Michigan 15,843
California 13,053
Minnesota 10,560
Georgia 9,797
Nebraska 8,201
Missouri 7,639

Cage-Free Hens4

Flock Size 2019 (million hens) June
2019
May
2019
April
2019
March
2019
Sept. 2018
through Feb. 2019
August
2018
Certified Organic 15.8 15.8 15.7 15.0 15.7 15.7
Cage-free hens 51.3 50.9 50.7 46.9 41.5 39.1
Total non-caged 67.1 66.7 66.4 61.9 57.2 54.7
  1. The National Agricultural Statistics Service’s Chicken & Eggs’ Report, typically pages 1 and 9, produced by USDA.
  2. Confidential records from the American Egg Board.

  3.  The World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates Report (WASDE), WADSE – 529 – 33, produced by USDA.

  4. USDA Livestock, Poultry and Grain Market News.              Last Updated 8.15.19