EGG INDUSTRY OVERVIEW

 

 

Shell Egg Distribution

Number of 30 Dozen Cases in Millions

YearTotalRetailBreakerInstitutionExport
2019275.3165.582.919.37.6
 100.0%60.1%30.1%7.0%2.8%
2018267.1159.880.119.87.4
 100.0%59.8%30.0%7.4%2.8%
2017258.1153.176.820.67.5
 100.0%59.3%29.8%8.0%2.9%
2016245.6143.976.319.65.7
 100.0%58.6%31.1%8.0%2.3%
2015231.0133.169.320.87.8
 100%57.6%30.0%9.0%3.4%
2014241.6132.576.021.711.3
 100%54.9%31.5%9.0%4.7%
2013235.5130.373.321.210.8
 100.0%55.3%31.1%9.0%4.6%
2012223.7123.871.320.18.5
 100.0%55.3%31.9%9.0%3.8%
2011219.6125.069.717.67.4
 100.0%56.9%31.7%8.0%3.4%
2010218.1124.868.917.46.9
 100.0%57.2%31.6%8.0%3.2%
2009216.0124.866.418.46.4
 100.0%57.8%30.7%8.5%3.0%
2008213.1121.867.618.85.0
 100.0%57.1%31.7%8.8%2.4%

 

U.S. Egg Facts

Per capita consumption is a measure of total egg production, less exports, plus imports, divided by the total population. It does not represent demand:3

Year Per Capita Consumption
2019287.1
2018284.1
2017279.9
2016272.0
2015256.3
2014266.6
2013258.6
2012254.2
2011250.0
2010249.3
2009248.4
2008248.3
2007251.7
2006258.1
2005255.4
2004257.1
2003254.7
2002255.9
2001252.8
2000251.7
1999249.8
1998239.7

State/Number of Hens

Currently, the top 10 egg producing states (ranked by number of hens represented in thousands) are:1

StateNumber of Hens
Iowa55,883
Indiana34,190
Ohio31,310
Pennsylvania25,523
Michigan15,843
California13,053
Minnesota10,560
Georgia9,797
Nebraska8,201
Missouri7,639

Cage-Free Hens4

Flock Size 2019 (million hens)June
2019
May
2019
April
2019
March
2019
Sept. 2018
through Feb. 2019
August
2018
Certified Organic15.815.815.715.015.715.7
Cage-free hens51.350.950.746.941.539.1
Total non-caged67.166.766.461.957.254.7
Flock Size 2019 (million hens)June
2019
May
2019
April
2019
March
2019
Sept. 2018 through Feb. 2019August
2018
Certified Organic15.815.815.715.015.715.7
Cage-free hens51.350.950.746.941.539.1
Total non-caged67.166.766.461.957.254.7

  1. The National Agricultural Statistics Service’s Chicken & Eggs’ Report, typically pages 1 and 9, produced by USDA.
  2. Confidential records from the American Egg Board.

  3.  The World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates Report (WASDE), WADSE – 529 – 33, produced by USDA.

  4. USDA Livestock, Poultry and Grain Market News.              Last Updated 8.15.19